When it comes to Culture and Heritage; every building or temple in India doesn’t fail to impress.
The name Konark is derived form the words Kona – Corner and Arka – Sun; it is situated on the north eastern corner of Puri or the Chakrakshetra.
1. UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE:
With Unique Style of Ancient Architecture; Konark’s Sun Temple is the only UNESCO’s World Heritage Site in the state of Odisha.
2. ARTISTIC MAGNIFICENCE AND ENGINEERING DEXTERITY:
King Narasimhadeva I, the great ruler of the Ganga dynasty had built this temple, with the help of 1200 artisans from 1243-1255 AD (13th Century).
A Continuous Period of 12 long years.!
3. CHARIOT BASED CONSTRUCTION:
Konark Temple was designed in the form of a gorgeously decorated chariot mounted on 24 wheels.
Each about 10 feet in diameter, and drawn by 7 mighty horses.
4. BLACK PAGODA:
Konark temple was initially built on the sea bank but now the sea has receded and the temple is a little away from the beach.
It’s known as “Black Pagoda” due to its dark color and used as a navigational landmark by ancient sailors to Odisha.
5. DEDICATED TO LORD SURYA:
The temple worships Lord Surya(the Sun God). Shaped like a giant chariot, the temple is known for the exquisite stone carvings that cover the entire structure.
6. THE WHEELS AT SUN TEMPLE KONARK SERVE AS ACCURATE SUN DIALS:
The main attraction of the temple is its twelve pairs of wheels located at the base of the temple. These wheels are not ordinary wheels but tell time as well – the spokes of the wheels create a sundial.
One can calculate the precise time of the day by just looking at the shadow cast by these spokes.
7. THE SCIENCE BEHIND THE CONSTRUCTION:
A heavy magnet was placed at the temple top and every two stones of the temple is sandwiched by iron plates. The idol was said to have been floating in air due to the arrangement of magnets.
The unique arrangement of the main magnet along with the other magnets caused the main idol of the temple to float in air.
8. TEACHING MORTALITY:
The Konark Sun temple has two huge lions on either side of the entrance. Each lion is shown crushing an elephant. Beneath each elephant lies the human body.
Lion represents pride and elephant represents money.
9. ORIENTATION ON THE SHORE:
Everyday, the Sun’s rays would reach the Nata Mandir from the coast and reflects from the diamond placed at the center of the idol.
During the colonial period, these magnets were removed by the Britishers to get the magnetic stone.